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The crust and upper mantle make up the lithosphere, the upper Earth layer which affects most the societal living environment. It’s structure and dynamical evolution in time are fundamental knowledge for exploitation of natural resources and for earthquake hazard estimation. Most advanced geophysical skills are necessary for this purpose that include geophysical monitoring and numerical modeling. The advanced techniques taught in this theme of the Doctorate include seismic monitoring networks, space geodetic monitoring, satellite altimetry, space borne gravity and magnetic field observations. Numerical modeling skills are done by inverse and forward modeling in 3D essential for the correct interpretation of the observations.

In particular the following topics are tackled using the advanced skills:

  • Earthquake cycle and deformation
  • Mechanics of earthquakes and faulting
  • Structure and rheology of the lithosphere in active earthquake and volcanic regions
  • Physics of transient deformation
  • Active tectonics and earthquake hazard
  • Vertical coastal movements from satellite altimetry and joint tide gauge observations
  • Inversion and forward modeling software development for observations from satellite GOCE and SWARM
  • Induced deformation from fluids, their modeling and observation.
  • Tilt strain observations and Space geodetic observations.
  • Sesimic networks, strong motion networks. International networking. Real time alert systems.